“The most important line of defence is between one’s ears, as the war in Ukraine proves at the moment,” he said in an interview. Finland fought two wars in the 1940s against its eastern neighbour, with which it shares a 1,300-km (810-mile) border.
Once a non-aligned country, it is now applying to join the Nato military alliance over concerns that Russia could invade, like it did Ukraine on February 24. Finland’s Prime Minister Sanna Marin and President Sauli Niinist give a press conference to announce that Finland will apply for membership to the organisation.
Kivinen added: “We have systematically developed our military defence precisely for this type of warfare that is being waged there (in Ukraine), with a massive use of firepower, armoured forces and also air forces. Ukraine has been a tough bite to chew (for Russia) and so would be Finland.”
The nation of 5.5 million has a wartime troop strength of some 280,000 with 870,000 trained as reservists. It did not abolish military conscription for males, as many other western nations did after the end of the Cold War.
It has also built one of Europe’s strongest artilleries and has stocked up on Cruise missiles with a range of up to 370km (230 miles). It spends 2% of its GDP on defence, a level higher than many Nato countries.
It is ordering four new warships, as well as 64 F-35 fighter jets from US defence giant Lockheed Martin. It plans to order up to 2,000 drones, its own high altitude anti-aircraft equipment and is building barriers on its border with Russia.
Some 82% of respondents in a May 18 poll by the defence ministry said they would be willing to participate in national defence if Finland was attacked. Nato membership would allow Finland to boost its early warning capacity by being part of the alliance’s joint airspace control, Kivinen said.
Finland would also benefit from the deterrence of being part of an alliance in which an attack on one member is an attack on
all its members, he said. Nevertheless, he added, “the main responsibility for Finland’s defence will still be borne by Finland”.
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